IUPAC name: (1R,2R,3S,4S,5R,6S)-cyclohexane-1,2,3,4,5,6-hexol
CAS number: 87-89-8
Other names: Cyclohexanehexol; Hexahydroxycyclohexane; myo-inositol plant cell culture tested; myo-Inositol, FCC Grade i-Inositol, FCC Grade; meso-inositol; p-Iodo Phenol; Myo-Inositol; Inosit; Inositol NF12; ; (1R,2S,3r,4R,5S,6s)-1,2,3,4,5,6-Cyclohexanehexol; (1R,2S,3r,4R,5S,6s)-1,2,3,4,5,6-Cyclohexanhexol; (1R,2S,3r,4R,5S,6s)-Cyclohexane-1,2,3,4,5,6-hexol; 1,2,3,4,5,6-cyclohexanehexol, (1a,2a,3a,4b,5a,6b)-; 1,2,3,4,5,6-Cyclohexanehexol, (1alpha,2alpha,3alpha,4beta,5alpha,6beta)-; 1,2,3,5/4,6-Inositol; ; INOSITAL
Molecular formula: C6H12O6
Molar mass: 180.16 g mol-1
Density: 1.752 g/cm³
Melting point: 225-227 °C
Ferric salt: ≤0.0005%
Loss on drying: ≤0.5%
Residue on ignition: ≤0.1%
Heavy metals%: ≤2mg/Kg.
Inositol is white crystal, and tastes sweet. In fact, it is a carbohydrate, though not a classical sugar. The taste has been assayed at half the sweetness of table sugar. Inositol or its phosphates and associated lipids are found in many foods, in particular fruit, especially cantaloupe and oranges. In plants, the hexaphosphate of inositol, phytic acid or its salts, the phytates, are found. Phytic acid occurs also in cereals with high bran content and also nuts and beans. Inositol as it occurs in certain plant-derived substances such as lecithins, however, is well-absorbed and relatively bioavailable.
We provide feed grade inositol with high quality, lower price and best service. The isomer myo-inositol is a meso compound possessing an optically inactive plane of symmetry through the molecule. Besides myo-inositol, there are 8 other naturally occurring stereoisomers. In its most stable conformational geometry, the myo-inositol isomer assumes the chair conformation, which puts the maximum number of hydroxyls to the equatorial position, where they are farthest apart from each other.
Inositol functions as the basis for a number of signaling and secondary messenger molecules. They are involved in a number of biological processes, including: insulin signal transduction, cytoskeleton assembly, nerve guidance, intracellular calcium concentration control, cell membrane potential maintenance, serotonin activity modulation, breakdown of fats and reducing blood cholesterol and gene expression.
Inositol has been used as an adulterant, or cutting agent, in many illegal drugs, such as cocaine, methamphetamine, and sometimes heroin. It is presumed that this use is connected with one or more of the substance's properties of solubility, powdery texture, or reduced sweetness (50%) as compared with more common sugars.
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