Betaine Hydrochloride

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Betaine Hydrochloride

Name: betaine hydrochloride
Alternative name: betaine HCl
Molecular formula: C5H11NO2HCl
Molecular weight: 153.61
CAS number: 590-46-5
Other names: 1-Carboxy-N,N,N-trimethylmethanaminium chloride; Betaine HCl; BETAINE CHLORIDE; carboxy-N,N,N-trimethylmethanaminium chloride; acetate, 2-(trimethylammonio)-, chloride (1:1)
Purity: over 98.0%
Melting point: 241 to 242°C
Solubility: easily soluble in water and alcohol, 64.7g in 100mL water at 25℃

As white crystals or a crystalline powder, betaine hydrochloride is hygroscopic. It is a source of hydrochloric acid and a non-essential nutrient. It is necessary for adequate absorption of protein, calcium, vitamin B12 and iron.

As nutrition additive, betaine hydrochloride is extensively used to help animals to eat more. Here, the animals could be bird, livestock, aquatic product and so on. Added in the feed, betaine improves meat quality by promoting fat metabolism, raising the ratio of the lean meat, etc. Its biological titer equals to three times of DL-Methionine and 1.8 times of the choline chloride whose content is fifty percent.

Recommended Dosage of Betaine Hydrochloride
Animals Range of Dosage of Betaine (%) Recommended Dosage (%)
Baby pig 0.02 ~ 0.2 0.1
Fat pig 0.01 ~ 0.15 0.1
Lean pig 0.02 ~ 0.2 0.15
Meat-chicken and egg-laying chicken 0.015 ~ 0.2 0.1
Meat-duck and egg-laying duck 0.02 ~ 0.2 0.1
Other Parameters of Betaine Hydrochloride
Specification Medicine Grade Feed Grade I Feed Grade II
Item Standard Standard Standard
Assay ≥98% ≥98% ≥95%
PH 0.8-1.0 0.8-1.2 0.8-1.2
Loss on drying ≤0.5% ≤1% ≤1%
Residue ignition ≤0.1% ≤1% ≤3%
Heavy Metals ≤10mg/kg ≤10mg/kg ≤10mg/kg
Anti-caking agent 0 0 1~3%

Keep betaine hydrochloride away from heat and sources of ignition as well as incompatibles such as alkalis and moisture. Meanwhile, store it in a cool, well-ventilated place. To ensure best activity, use it in two years. 25Kg betaine hydrochloride is packed in a bag.

Related Names
Chloride | Hydrochloride | Hydrochlorate | Muriate

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